Bone is one of the most important body part of our lives, so keep your bones to stay healthy seems very important to us. When someone is young, bone cell damage that occurs can be updated quickly by the formation of new bone cells. But when we turned over thirty, formation of new bone cells will be reduced so that damage to the bone we are not renewable.
The higher bone density, the less likely to have osteoporosis that is, a condition that causes bones to become weak and brittle.
There are several factors that affect bone health, among others:
1. The amount of calcium in food intake
Low calcium intake of foods that cause reduced bone density, early bone loss and increased fracture risk.
2. Levels of physical activity
A person with low physical activity have a higher risk of osteoporosis than active.
3. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
Research shows that smoking can be one factor that causes bones to become more brittle. If you consume more than two bottles of alcoholic drinks a day can increase the risk of osteoporosis, as alcohol can impair the body's ability to absorb calcium.
4. Gender factors
Women have less bone tissue than men.
5. Age factor
The older the bones are thinner and fragile.
6. Factors of race, body mass index, and genetic
The biggest risk is the Mongoloid race (Asian). Low body mass index (19 or less) also had a greater risk. In addition, having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis also have a greater risk (genetic factors).
7. Hormonal factors
Formation of too much thyroid hormone can cause bone fragility. In women, bone fragility increases drastically at menopause as estrogen levels decline. Amenorrhea (no menstrual period before menopause) in the long run, it also increases the risk of osteoporosis. In men, low testosterone levels can cause loss of bone density.
8. Eating disorders
People suffering from anorexia or bulimia have a high risk of experiencing bone fragility. Moreover, gastrectomy (one procedure in abdominal surgery), weight loss surgery and Crohn's disease, Celiac disease and Cushing's disease can affect the body's ability to absorb calcium.
9. Use of certain medications
Long-term use of corticosteroid medications, such as prednisone, cortisone, prednisolone and dexamethasone can cause bone damage. Other drugs associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis include: long-term use of aromatase inhibitors to treat breast cancer, antidepressant drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), treatment with the cancer drug methotrexate, some anti-seizure medications, the acid-blocking drugs the so-called proton pump inhibitors and antacids containing aluminum.