Mesothelioma (pronounced "Mez-o-theel-e-oh-ma") is a cancer of the mesothelium, a protective membrane lining of vital organs, including lungs, heart and stomach. This membrane produces lubricating fluid that allows organs to glide smoothly over one another as they perform their functions (eg breathing, heart rate, etc.). What are the facts about this disease? Here are ten things you need to know about this disease.
Mesothelioma affects vital organs in the location of the cancer, mesothelioma has three types:
peritoneal mesothelioma, pleural mesothelioma and pericardial mesothelioma.
- Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the stomach;
- Pleural mesothelioma affects the lining of the lungs;
- Pericardial mesothelioma affects the pleural lining. Rare, testicular mesothelioma, affecting the mesothelium of the male reproductive organ (called the tunical vaginalis testis) and the mesothelium of the female reproductive organs (the tunica seros uteri).
Previous exposure to asbestos fibers is the only known cause of mesothelioma. Asbestos is a mineral fiber used in a wide range of products and applications and in many industries, especially in the late 19th century until the year 1970 an.Asbestos enter the body when inhaled or tertelan.Ketika they are trapped in the organ, they irritate the tissue over time and cause normal cells to mutate into cancer cells.
Anyone exposed to asbestos have a lifetime risk of 7 to 10% of developing mesothelioma, and many of those diagnosed with the disease contracted the disease on the causes of work. 10% of cases of mesothelioma are incalculable. Some theories suggest that the victim may have contracted the disease by exposure to zeolite (chemical) or by radiation from the x-ray chemicals containing thorium dioxide.
Mesothelioma affects men more than women, because men are more involved in the asbestos products plants, mining, shipbuilding facilities and railway construction, statistics show that there are more men than women are diagnosed with mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is five times more common in men than in women. It is also 75% more often in men aged 60-72 than in men aged 55 and under.
Diagnosing mesothelioma Mesothelioma is a difficult symptom is non-specific, which means the characteristic symptoms that are similar to some diseases such lain.Dengan, they are often overlooked. Mesothelioma symptoms include pleuritic pain, fever, weight loss and nausea.
During the consultation, patients should discuss their medical history and personal / work with their doctors for more accurate diagnosis of their disease. Mesothelioma has a long latency period from exposure to asbestos fibers, cancer takes 15 to 50 years to develop. This means that a person is exposed to asbestos fibers during the last 50 years may develop mesothelioma today.
Very rare cases of benign mesothelioma Mesothelioma is a deadly symptom of this disease does not appear until it reaches advanced stages of the deadly. At that time, the disease is beyond cure. Survival rate of the average of the victims of mesothelioma are diagnosed less than setahun.Terapi options for mesothelioma include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy